Families and the Public
• August 15, 2022
The Use of CPAP for Premature Babies or Babies with RDS
The Use of CPAP for Premature Babies or Babies with RDS
Giving birth is the most wonderful and yet incredibly complex process. A baby has to undergo multiple adjustments from the moment it leaves mommy’s womb. In some, a baby’s transition outside can be extremely challenging. Preterm birth, difficult delivery or even a mixture of both may threaten newborn life and the core reason mainly stands for breathing problems.
Luckily, state-of-the-art medicine technologies allow premature babies to get the required medical care with specific breathing support systems based in NICUs. What Infants Strive for Special Care?
Actually, there are many factors doctors rely on in moving babies to NICU. However, each clinical case is unique and needs a detailed assessment before an ultimate decision. So the below points are vital to check on:
- Alterations in a newborn’s organ systems as a result of oxygen lack.
- The infant’s neck is wrapped with the umbilical cord.
- Giving birth precedes gestational age (less than 37 weeks)
- Extremely small weight (lower than 5 pounds)
- RDS or stopping breathing
- Various infections like herpes, chlamydia and group B streptococcus
- Hypoglycemia or seizures
- Resuscitation in the delivery room or congenital disabilities
- Special procedures necessity as blood transfusion
Types of Respiratory Maintenance for Pre-Born Babies
Considering the assistance level a baby needs, NICU doctors provide the following options:
Being the least invasive form of breathing support, the nasal cannula is for newborns who can breathe independently but require extra airflow to maintain their lungs and oxygen level in the blood. It operates in the way of delivering oxygen right into the baby’s nostrils through a thin plastic pipe.
Although doctors use this respiratory system for infants who can also breathe on their own, it is still more advanced than the previous one. CPAP enables constant airflow into newborn lungs via masks or nasal prongs yet ensures higher air pressure than a simple nasal cannula. The key goal of CPAP Newborn maintenance is to help preterm lungs get properly open.
It is a respiratory support mechanism designed for babies whose lungs are too weak to breathe independently. The ventilator corresponds to a specific tube that supplies oxygen and air mixture into the infant’s windpipe and then pumps back, thus reproducing natural breathing way.
When to Use CPAP for Preterm Newborns
Pre-term babies often face breathing difficulties since their lungs don’t have enough time to mature in the womb. As a result, different health issues arise. The most widespread are:
RDS comes about when the baby’s delivery happens before the lungs entirely develop. Such infants lack surfactant, preventing lungs from getting expanded and contracted appropriately. That way, independent breathing turns problematic, and CPAP may solve this.
This condition is highly dangerous as long breathing pauses may cause extremely slow heart rate. It happens mainly due to developmental delay in the brain part responsible for respiration control. CPAP may eliminate apnea issues by making breathing well adjusted.
This disorder frequently occurs in low-weight preterm babies born more than 8-10 weeks before they due date. BPD often complicate RDS if not treated properly, so CPAP is required to promote the infant’s lungs to develop normally and avoid their permanent irritation.
Bubble CPAP Components
Like standard CPAP machines, bubble CPAP creates needed pressure on the newborn respiratory system via nasal mask or tips. bCPAP consists of such essential elements:
An appropriate concentration of breathed-in oxygen enters the neonatal lungs through a specific blender joined to the source of oxygen and compressed air. Besides, the circulation of the given humidified substance transmits by corrugated tubes.
You create pressure in the circuit by immersing the distal end of the expiratory corrugated tubes under water in case of Bubble CPAP. The pressure level directly depends on the length of the immersed pipe underwater surface.
It implies the nasal connection between the respiratory circuit and the baby’s airway owing to the attachment of the nasal interface end to specialized prongs. These nasal prongs provide low-resistant to airflow. Therefore, it is critical to apply the nasal interface correctly with no air leakages. If this point is neglected, it may result in various nasal traumas.
Bubble CPAP necessarily includes this item since it encourages indispensable respiratory hydration. By adjusting the delivered energy to the wire, the humidifier upkeeps the optimal humidity level and decreases condensate in the exhalation limb. The humidification chamber contains water flowing there via a pipe from the flexible water bag.
The Hottest bCPAP devices list
When it comes to choosing the proper CPAP device, it is worth carefully exploring all its advantages and drawbacks. Since it influences the priceless thing, a baby’s life, you must ponder everything meticulously before making a decision. Regarding feedback from doctors and parents, we have singled out the below-mentioned choices:
No doubt, it tears parents’ hearts seeing how their tiny newborn hooked up to various tubes, nasal probes and masks. Still, CPAP NICU, especially bCPAP is a crucial device to develop a baby’s lungs and learn to breathe independently. So don’t waste a minute. Select the best-fitting CPAP Newborn and gift your baby with a ‘second’ life.